Friday, September 01, 2006

Foundational Law Quotes XIII

“[T]he English Church shall be free and shall have its rights entire and its liberties inviolate.”

“No widow shall be forced to marry so long as she wishes to live without a husband.”

“Common pleas shall not follow our court, but shall be held in some definite place.”

“No sheriff, constable, coroner, or other bailiff of ours shall hold the pleas of our crown.”

“No constable or other bailiff of ours shall take grain or other chattels of any one without immediate payment therefor in money, unless by the will of the seller he may secure postponement of that.”

“No sheriff or bailiff of ours, nor any other person, shall take the horses or carts of any freeman for carrying service, except by the will of that freeman.”

“Neither we nor our bailiffs will take some one else’s wood fro castles or for doing any other works of ours, except by the will of him to whom the wood belongs.”

“No bailiff shall henceforth put any one to his law by merely bringing suit without trustworthy witnesses presented for the purpose.”

“No freeman shall be captured or imprisoned or disseised or outlawed or exiled or in any way destroyed, nor will we go against him, except by the lawful judgment of his peers or by the law of the land.”

“To no one will we sell, to no one will we deny or delay right or justice.”

“All merchants may safely and securely go away from England, come to England, stay in and go through England, by land or by water, for buying and selling under right and ancient customs and without and evil exactions, except in time of war if they are from the land at war with us. And if such persons are found in our land at the beginning of a war, they shall be arrested without injury to their bodies or goods until we or our chief justice can ascertain how the merchants of our land who may then be found in the land at war with us are to be treated. And if our men are to be safe, the others shall be safe in our land.”

“Every one shall henceforth be permitted, saving our fealty, to leave our kingdom and to return in safety and security, by land or by water, except in the common interest of the realm for a brief period during wartime, and excepting men imprisoned or outlawed according to the law of the kingdom and people from a land at war with us and merchants, who are to be treated as aforesaid.”

- Magna Carta (1215 A.D.)

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